The History of the New Synagogue

Bild der Synagoge in der Oranienburger Straße Grahn

The New Synagogue was inaugurated in 1866. The New Synagogue, with its 3,200 seats, became the most famous Jewish house of worship in Germany. Services in the New Synagogue were conducted according to the so-called New Rites and Practices, including the installation of an organ.

Famous Rabbis and Cantors officiated at the New Synagogue: L. Lewandowski, A. Geiger, A. Jospe, I. Maybaum, M. Nussbaum, M. Warschauer. Rabbi Regina Jonas, the first female Rabbi, lectured at the New Synagogue.

In the Pogrom of November 1938 ("Kristallnacht"), the New Synagogue was spared major damage. During the Second World War, however, it was severely damaged by Allied bombing. In 1958 the main part of the building was demolished. Only the parts of the building closest to the street remained structurally intact. The main sanctuary has not been restored.

In 1995 the building was reopened.

Today it houses a museum, an archive, class rooms, administrative offices of the Gemeinde and our small shul.

If you have the opportunity to come back on a weekday, we recommend that you visit the museum on the ground floor to learn more about this building!

More info can also be found on the museum’s website:

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